Monthly Archives: November 2015

Osteoporosis Treatment Recommended by Pain Management specialists in Las Vegas

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Osteoporosis is a condition affecting the bones where the bones lose mass, weaken and become brittle. Women are most at risk of osteoporosis after menopause due to lower levels of the hormone oestrogen which helps maintain bone mass. Fortunately, preventive treatments exist that may restrict the development of osteoarthritis by maintaining bone density.

osteoporosis

Treatment of osteoporosis

Since the disease is based on decreased bone strength and density accompanied by pain and increased chances of fractures, treatments of osteoporosis concentrates on ways to increase bone density and strength. Here are two of the most common treatment modules for osteoporosis suggested by specialist doctors like pain management doctors in Las Vegas.

    • Prescription drugs: Bisphosphonates are the most commonly used osteoporosis drugs. Side effects of this drug may involve gastrointestinal problems. Denosumab is an antibody drug which binds to a protein that is involved in bone resorption. Binding of this antibody to the protein slows down bone resorption and helps maintain bone density. Side effects may include muscle pain, fatigue and sweating.

Prescription drugs of osteoporosis

    • Hormonal therapy: Since lower levels of the estrogen hormone in post menopausal women is primarily responsible for osteoarthritis, replacement of this hormone in these women may reverse some of the adverse effects on the bones. However, hormone therapy increases the risk for strokes, heart attacks and breast cancer. Selective oestrogen receptor modulators mimic estrogen and induce the bone preserving effect of the hormone. Thyrocalcitonin is a hormone produced by the thyroid gland which can also be supplied to osteoporotic patients to regulate calcium levels in the body and treat spinal osteoporosis. The hormone is usually supplied as a nasal spray. Parathyroid hormone is also produced by the thyroid and can be supplemented to encourage new bone growth. This hormone maintains the calcium and phosphate levels in bones. This hormone is administered in the form of injections and is quite expensive.

Hormonal therapy

Prevention of osteoporosis

If you contact reputable pain management specialists like the pain management doctors of Las Vegas, you will learn useful information that will help you manage your osteoarthritis. Here are some of the preventive therapies for the disorder:

    • Diet: Consumption of an optimal amount of proteins, vitamin D and calcium are necessary for maintaining a healthy bone mass. As per expert recommendations, men and premenopausal women must consume 1000 mg of calcium per day and postmenopausal women must consume 1200 mg of calcium per day. Milk and dairy products are the primary sources of calcium in our diet. Exposure to the sun or intake of milk supplemented with vitamin D helps to maintain an optimal level of Vitamin D in the body.

Diet

    • Intake of alcohol and caffeine: Excessive consumption of alcohol is not good for the body as it renders the body susceptible to falls during a drinking episode resulting in bone fractures and other injuries. Caffeine consumption must also be lowered as evidence links intake of excess caffeine to poor bone density.

stop Intake of alcohol and caffeine

    • Exercise: Exercise increases bone mass and thus may help in preventing the development of osteo-porosis.

Exercise

    • Smoking: Smoking cigarettes speeds up the process of bone loss and hence must be kept in check.

Stop Smoking

    • Falls: Increased risk of falling makes the osteoporotic bones susceptible to fractures. Falls can be prevented by taking extra caution during movements.
    • Medications: Long-term use of certain medications like glucocorticoids, heparin, anti-epileptic drugs, etc., may result in reduced bone density and increased chances of osteoporotic fractures.

Medications

Major difference between Migraine and Cluster headaches

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If you’ve ever had a migraine, you’d be grateful to suffer that pain instead of the pain caused by a cluster headache. A cluster headache comes as a sharp stabbing pain in the region of one of your eyes and can last anywhere between 15 minutes to three hours. They are so painful that they are called suicide headaches because people who have these headaches have been known to kill themselves just to get rid of the pain.

Signs and symptoms

Migraine and Cluster headaches

Migraines and cluster headaches tend to differ in how they manifest. While people who have migraines usually experience nausea and photosensitivity, a person with a cluster headache usually feels it on only one side of the head and it affects the eye as well. Here are other differences between the two, as evaluated by Las Vegas pain management:

Cluster headaches Signs and symptoms

Frequency of attacks

A cluster headache may occur from one time to six times a day, while a migraine can occur as many as ten times in a single month.

Duration of the attacks

A cluster headache may last between half an hour to three hours long, while a migraine can last anywhere between four hours to three whole days.

Location of the attack

A cluster headache usually occurs on just one side of the head. It starts around the eyes, moves to the forehead, temple, nose, cheek, or upper gum. In the case of a migraine, the pain can occur either on one side of the head or on both sides of the head.

Migraine Signs and symptoms

Time of the attack

Cluster headaches usually occur at the same time each day, thus being called “alarm clock headaches,”, whereas a migraine is more random in its occurrence.

Age of onset

A cluster headache usually manifests in adults aged 20 years or older, whereas a migraine can occur in people of all ages.

Gender of the sufferer

Cluster headaches are mainly seen in males, while migraines mostly occur in females.

Patient’s reaction to the pain

The pain caused by a cluster headache is usually extreme and can be so bad that a person who has it cannot sit still and perform normal activities, whereas a person with a migraine usually feels better if they lie down until the pain goes away.

Nausea and vomiting

2 – 5% of people with a cluster headache exhibit signs of nausea and vomiting, whereas 85% of those with a migraine tend to vomit.

Running nose

70% of people with a cluster headache tend to also show signs of a runny nose, or some sort of nasal discharge, whereas a person with a migraine does not usually have this symptom.

Blurred vision

Blurred vision is uncommon in anyone with a cluster headache but is commonly seen in anyone suffering from a migraine.

Family history

Only 7% of people suffering from a cluster headache had a family history of cluster headaches. On the other hand, 90% of sufferers of migraines have a family history of its occurrence.

Your local Las Vegas pain management clinic can help you understand if what you are suffering from is a migraine or a cluster headache, so visit a Las Vegas pain management center today.

Learn about Symptoms and Triggers of Cluster headaches

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pain clinics Las Vegas

A cluster headache is often described as a pain that is as bad as giving birth to a child without the help of painkillers, or even worse than that. It starts as a sharp stabbing pain in the region of one of your eyes and can last anywhere between 15 minutes to three hours. They are so painful that they are called suicide headaches because people who have these headaches have been known to kill themselves just to get rid of the pain.

How a cluster headache is caused

The exact cause of a cluster headache is unknown, but it is noted to originate from the trigeminal nerve in the base of the brain. When activated, this nerve pathway can cause the eye pain and spread to other areas to give rise to the symptoms of cluster headaches.

Symptoms of cluster headache

Cluster headaches have some common symptoms as noted below:

  • Type of pain: The pain from a cluster headache tends to occur on one side of the head.
  • Severity/intensity of pain: The pain caused by a cluster headache is usually extreme and can be so bad that a person who has it cannot sit still and perform normal activities.
  • Location of pain: The pain from a cluster headache can start around the eye and then move to the forehead, nose, temple, cheek and even upper gum.
  • Duration: A cluster headache remains for different time periods. Sometimes for as short a time as 15 minutes to as long as three hours, but the pain may recur.
  • Frequency of headaches: People who have cluster headaches may suffer as many as three attacks a day and these usually happen at the same time each day, thus being called “alarm clock headaches,”.

Triggers of cluster headaches

The weather is thought to control when cluster headaches occur. They are mostly seen during spring or autumn. Because of this seasonal variation, it is thought that their occurrence is linked to allergies or stress due to workload. However, it is believed that this seasonal variation is due to activation of the trigeminal nerve pathway by the hypothalamus.

Cluster headaches also frequently occur in people who smoke or drink in excess. A person who has cluster headaches tends to have their condition aggravated by further smoking or drinking.

The diagnosis of a cluster headaches at pain clinics Las Vegas is usually done by examining the patient’s previous history of headaches and after a complete physical examination has been done. Since they are so one of a kind, the way the cluster headache presents itself is usually enough to confirm that the person is suffering from one. Tests such as an MRI or a CT scan can be done to further rule out any other conditions that may be causing the pain. A person may also be required to go through an eye examination at pain clinics Las Vegas to ensure that the pain is not being caused due to some underlying eye disease. There is no other specific test at pain clinics Las Vegas that can be conducted to verify that a headache is indeed a cluster headache.

How lower back pain issue can be crucial for body health

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Body Pain Management Las Vegas

Low back pain – what is it? It is something usual in human and almost everyone has experienced it at some point. The lower back, which lies just below the ribcage, is our lumbar region. Pain here grows to be intense and the pain either persists or gets better with time.

At our clinic in Las Vegas pain management, we have been sharing our patients the various symptoms on lower back pain to grow awareness among them. Let us share them to our readers for a quick grasp –

  • The pain can range from a dull ache to stabbing or shooting sensation
  • Due to the pain, you cannot stand upright
  • Acute back pain maybe the result of a sports injury or heavy lifting
  • Pain that exists for more than three months is nothing but chronic pains

And it is advisable to contact a doctor if your pain does not ail within 72 hours.

What type of symptoms should seek red alerts from your end? If a patient gets a severe injury, then you must check out with a professional health care. You will find the danger signs which include bladder control or a loss of bowel, fever, leg weakness and pain when you a cough or urinate.

  • Doctors for Pain management in Las Vegas says that your job is often the culprit  to result in lower back pain. Say your work involves pulling, lifting or anything that increases the chance to twist the spine may contribute to the back pain. Sitting all day in a chair in an uncomfortable manner also leads to lower back pain.
  • Yet another culprit is your bag that hung over your shoulder. It is your lower back that supports the upper part of the body along with the weight that you carry. So if you are carrying an excessive heavy weight bag you tend to have strain in lower back muscles.
  • Your workout format makes everything go wrong and let you suffer from the common cause of overextended muscle that leads to low back pain.
  • Sitting with a wrong posture is always a culprit. Our back supports weight best when you do not slouch. It is important to sit with a good lumbar support with the feet resting on a stool. When you stand, it is essential to keep the balance on both the feet.

Who are at more risk with lower back pain?

  • People who are overweight
  • People who run on an inactive lifestyle
  • Jobs that demands heavy lifting

A doctor diagnoses your lower back pain after he or she check out your history of health conditions as well as discussing the latest symptoms you have. Your doctor will probably not need X-rays, CT or MRI scans before starting treatment.
Pain Relief Center Las Vegas
Some of the treatments that you can try out are –

  • Acupuncture
  • Yoga lessons
  • Physical therapy
  • Surgery
  • Injections
  • Spinal manipulation
  • Medications
  • Massage therapy

Consult your doctor and choose the one that suits you the best and fight with lower back pain to lead a healthy life.