Diabetic neuropathy encompasses all diabetes mellitus related disorders of the autonomic nervous system, peripheral nervous system, and some cranial nerves. The damage is to the ganglia nerves and some other nerves that help with organ functions such as the bladder, heart, stomach and intestines.
When you talk about diabetic neuropathy, it refers only to neuropathy in those individuals who are diabetics. The nerves can be affected in different ways and can be associated with diabetic neuropathy. When different nerves are affected, similar conditions that are associated with diabetic neuropathy might develop. Let’s have a look at those conditions.
#1 Third Nerve Palsy
With third nerve palsy, you can have difficult moving your eye normally. This is because of the damage that has been done to the cranial nerve.
Mononeuropathy occurs when you have only a single nerve affected. The nerve becomes physically compressed, which leads to a lack of blood supply.
Amythrophy will cause progressive muscle wasting and muscle tissue weakening, which in turn leads to muscle pain.
#4 Mononeuropathy Multiplex
Monoeuropathy multiplex leads to severe aching and soreness in the lower back, legs and hips that is often continuous. This happens because of the loss of the nerve’s sensory function. It usually develops slowly over the years.
Polyneuropathy affects the hands and feet leading to weakness and the affected areas have some degree of sensation loss. Patients often complain of a burning needle like pain. This happens when the many different nerves throughout the individual’s body simultaneously start to malfunction. The individual might also step on something where there should be pain and they feel nothing. This condition appears without any warning or it can appear gradually over a long period of time.
#6 Automic Neuropathy
Autonomic neuropathy affects the visceral nerve, which can have a direct impact on your digestion, salivation, heart rate, blood vessels, perspiration and sexual arousal. This happens because there heart’s arteries fail to adjust the person’s heart rate and vascular tone that’s responsible for keeping blood flowing to your brain. A person might also experiences dizziness or fainting if they stand too quickly.
#7 Sensory Motor Neuropathy
Sensor motor neuropathy most often affects the person’s face. It can spread to the upper arms. There can be difficulty swallowing or using the arms and hands. If it has moved to other parts of the body there can be difficulty walking. There is the pain, tingling and burning sensation. Symptoms can come on quickly or over time.
According to current research, over half of all diabetics will develop diabetic neuropathy. The symptoms might not start right away. In some people, it takes 10 or 20 years after their diagnosis to develop diabetic neuropathy. Most diabetics don’t realize that they have diabetic neuropathy until the pain and complications become severe and the symptoms interfere with day-to-day life.