Stomach pain is also called abdominal pain, and is an indication of a far more complex issue, disease or temporary disorder. It is hard to correctly identify the source of intolerable abdominal pain, mainly because there are several diseases and disorders that can cause it.
According to studies conducted between 2011 and 2012 of casualty ward data across the United States, there was a rise seen in the number of reported cases of abdominal pain. Data from the National Center for Health Statistics has indicated in the past ten years, there has been a 32% increase in the quantity of casualty ward reports related to abdominal pain that was not caused by any sort of physical trauma.
In recent studies, this number has shown to be rising steadily and there have been more individuals coming into casualty wards to get treatment for abdominal pain. This data is taken from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, who conducted a study of over 350 casualty wards over a ten year period.
While stomach ache is a widespread phenomenon, it is in itself not very harmful and does not spread to other regions. In other cases, it may require emergency care and therapy. When a doctor assesses a complaining patient to identify the source and recommend therapy for stomach ache, they should also check the patient’s earlier medical records and conduct a physical examination.
Every individual suffers from abdominal pain at certain stage of their life. In the majority of cases, they are not life threatening; in other cases, however, the individual will need to be hospitalized for emergency treatment and continue the therapy at home as an outpatient. Pain that occurs over a prolonged duration is indicative of a more complex disorder. A patient should be monitored for abnormal abdominal pain.
On diagnosis usually the reasons for abdominal pain turn out to be:
- Indigestion issues
- Constipation problems
- Menstrual cramping in periods
- Common stomach flu issues
- Food poisoning cases
- Gas troubles
- Lactose intolerance
An increasing number of patients complaining about abdominal pain also report having gallstones as well as kidney stones. The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disease states that more than 40 million individuals across the country (14% of the full population) suffer from gallstones.
Most of these individuals are ignorant that they suffer from gallstones, while the rest do exhibit abdominal pain. Annually, there are close to 1 million fresh reports of gallstones by individuals inside the United States. This number could increase as cases of obesity rise.
Other sources of severe abdominal pain can be complications due to reproduction, Crohn’s disease as also ectopic pregnancies. Pelvic inflammatory disease as also gallstones can also cause chronic pain and acute abdominal pain (Bardiau et al., J Clin Anesth, 2009).
Acute abdominal pain is a sudden abdominal pain that causes extreme distress to the patient. This type of pain may need the use of invasive procedures to correct it. This type of pain may take place several times along with other indications such as vomiting, high temperature, shock as well as abdominal distention. One major source of this type of pain is Acute appendicitis.
There are three types of sources of acute abdominal pain:
- Traumatic type
- Inflammatory type
- Mechanical type
Traumatic abdominal pain may be the result of an injury caused to stomach, liver, spleen, kidney or even bowel through a blunt or sharp object. Causes for this include car accidents, sports injuries or any other sudden abdominal impact.
Inflammatory abdominal pain may be the result of diseases like appendicitis, pelvic related inflammatory disease, hepatitis, pancreatitis or even cholecystitis. Other disorders could cause acute inflammatory pain, such as rupture of something called peptic ulcer as also complications due to inflammatory type of bowel disease like ulcerative colitis as well as Crohn’s disease.
Mechanical acute abdominal pain may be the result of bowel obstructions and even vascular problems. Small bowel related obstructions which are less important to adhesions resulted from surgeries happen in a lot of cases. Similarly large bowel related obstructions are caused as a result of colorectal cancers, hernias, fecal impaction and other such conditions connected with the abdomen. Occlusive intestinal ischemia, usually due by thromboembolism can result in a condition of acute abdomen.
If you have prolonged abdominal pain, you should refer to a Las Vegas pain management professional to determine a suitable treatment.
A lot of women choose to bear abdominal pain on their own instead of seeking treatment. If the pain interferes with your daily activities and is taking a toll on your job, sex life and concentration, you can seek help for your condition.
Chronic abdominal related pain may be the result of problems in the reproductive system, like endometriosis or even PID. Gallstones can lead to chronic pain and even post-surgical scar tissue. Also, there is Crohn’s Disease and even inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which arise chronically.
Pancreatitis can cause abdominal pain and it takes place again and again and can persist for months in a row. Less frequently, a case of upper abdominal cancer can be painful.
Therapy related to chronic abdominal pain can be any of the following:
- Pain Medications like NSAIDS, Opiates, Tylenol
- Disease medications – sulfasalazine used for IBD is one such type
- Injections – For example, a Celiac Plexus Block helps to get rid of pain for couple of months in as many as three individuals from four patients (Rykowski et al, Anesthesiology 2000). It is proven and works perfectly for IBD, pancreatitis and upper abdomen.