Vertebral compression fractures are related to the vertebral collapse and is a result of either a trauma or a predisposing condition like osteoporosis, osteogenesis imperfecta, benign or metastatic tumours, etc. Underlying infections might also result in this disorder. The first stage of treatment of vertebral compression fractures involves non-invasive therapies like pharmacological treatment, use of braces, physical therapy, etc. However, if symptoms continue to persist and the disorder assumes a chronic form, the minimally invasive therapies involving kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty might need to be used to bring relief to patients from the painful symptoms of vertebral compression fractures.
In a study by the prestigious magazine, Spine, researchers have examined over 1 million patients to evaluate the results of vertebral compression fracture treatment methodologies involving kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty. Out of the total population, 75,364 patients underwent vertebroplasty while 141,343 patients were treated using balloon kyphoplasty procedure. Besides these surgical techniques, the rest of the population were administered conventional, non-invasive treatments. The following are the keynotes of this study:
- Patients who were part of the non-operative cohort group exhibited a 25% and 55% higher adjusted risks of mortality than those of the vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty groups. The vertebroplasty group had 19% higher adjusted risk than the patients of the kyphoplasty group.This indicates that the kyphoplasty group has a lower overall risk than the other two groups.
- The nonoperative cohorts had a higher adjusted risk of myocardial infarctions, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, etc., than the kyphoplasty group. The kyphoplasty cohorts, on the other hand, had a higher adjusted risk for subsequent augmentation/augmentation fusion and other respiratory complications.
- Individuals of the kyphoplasty group had significantly lower morbidity than those of the other two groups. However, the chances of development of myocardial infarction, deep venous thrombosis, infections and hear complications were similar in cases of both vertebroplasty cohorts and kyphoplasty cohorts.
Thus, from the above study report it can be concluded that kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty had definite positive results on patients of vertebral compression fractures. However, the former was even more effective than the latter in its efficiency of results. Kyphoplasty bore more fruitful results than vertebroplasty. However, the risks associated with both these surgeries were almost similar.
Since chronic cases of vertebral compression fractures are usually associated with morbidity, it is important to treat this disorder with kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty before the symptoms and condition worsens. If conventional, non-operative therapies fail, the minimally invasive therapies usually help alleviate the condition to some extent.
Since vertebral compression fractures are complex disorders, it is extremely important for thee patients to seek help only from the best pain management doctors. If you are a resident of Las Vegas and suspect a case of vertebral compression fracture affecting you or one of your family members, then a visit to a pain clinic in Las Vegas could be your doorway to helping hands. The best doctors always try to cure the disease in the minimally invasive way but surgery is often unavoidable in certain cases.