Osteoporosis is a condition affecting the bones where the bones lose mass, weaken and become brittle. Women are most at risk of osteoporosis after menopause due to lower levels of the hormone oestrogen which helps maintain bone mass. Fortunately, preventive treatments exist that may restrict the development of osteoarthritis by maintaining bone density.
Treatment of osteoporosis
Since the disease is based on decreased bone strength and density accompanied by pain and increased chances of fractures, treatments of osteoporosis concentrates on ways to increase bone density and strength. Here are two of the most common treatment modules for osteoporosis suggested by specialist doctors like pain management doctors in Las Vegas.
- Prescription drugs: Bisphosphonates are the most commonly used osteoporosis drugs. Side effects of this drug may involve gastrointestinal problems. Denosumab is an antibody drug which binds to a protein that is involved in bone resorption. Binding of this antibody to the protein slows down bone resorption and helps maintain bone density. Side effects may include muscle pain, fatigue and sweating.
- Hormonal therapy: Since lower levels of the estrogen hormone in post menopausal women is primarily responsible for osteoarthritis, replacement of this hormone in these women may reverse some of the adverse effects on the bones. However, hormone therapy increases the risk for strokes, heart attacks and breast cancer. Selective oestrogen receptor modulators mimic estrogen and induce the bone preserving effect of the hormone. Thyrocalcitonin is a hormone produced by the thyroid gland which can also be supplied to osteoporotic patients to regulate calcium levels in the body and treat spinal osteoporosis. The hormone is usually supplied as a nasal spray. Parathyroid hormone is also produced by the thyroid and can be supplemented to encourage new bone growth. This hormone maintains the calcium and phosphate levels in bones. This hormone is administered in the form of injections and is quite expensive.
Prevention of osteoporosis
If you contact reputable pain management specialists like the pain management doctors of Las Vegas, you will learn useful information that will help you manage your osteoarthritis. Here are some of the preventive therapies for the disorder:
- Diet: Consumption of an optimal amount of proteins, vitamin D and calcium are necessary for maintaining a healthy bone mass. As per expert recommendations, men and premenopausal women must consume 1000 mg of calcium per day and postmenopausal women must consume 1200 mg of calcium per day. Milk and dairy products are the primary sources of calcium in our diet. Exposure to the sun or intake of milk supplemented with vitamin D helps to maintain an optimal level of Vitamin D in the body.
- Intake of alcohol and caffeine: Excessive consumption of alcohol is not good for the body as it renders the body susceptible to falls during a drinking episode resulting in bone fractures and other injuries. Caffeine consumption must also be lowered as evidence links intake of excess caffeine to poor bone density.
- Exercise: Exercise increases bone mass and thus may help in preventing the development of osteo-porosis.
- Smoking: Smoking cigarettes speeds up the process of bone loss and hence must be kept in check.
- Falls: Increased risk of falling makes the osteoporotic bones susceptible to fractures. Falls can be prevented by taking extra caution during movements.
- Medications: Long-term use of certain medications like glucocorticoids, heparin, anti-epileptic drugs, etc., may result in reduced bone density and increased chances of osteoporotic fractures.